Heating and Cooling Systems
Temperature is a very important physical property that needs very specific parameters to enable life. Even within the range that enables life, an even smaller range of temperatures exist that humans consider to be hospitable. Unlike the much harder times in the past that humanity had to face without any form of temperature control other than using manual fans, today we have many options at our disposal to do so. However, it would not make sense to randomly choose a heating and/or cooling system and decide it is best. For example, an air conditioner cannot readily share and be centralized into a single system with a boiler, but it can be with a furnace. You would be wise to take these kinds of factors into consideration when deciding.
Heating and cooling systems all vary in their costs, effectiveness, efficiency, and ease of maintenance. In today's world however, we would be at a huge loss not to have any temperature control system. To help you, several systems will be listed here and their advantages along with their drawbacks will be elucidated according to the prior mentioned criteria. The most suitable system for a given home however, may depend on other factors as well, such as the humidity and climate of the surrounding area.
What first has to be considered is the amount of seasons a given system would be usable for. Some options only provide solutions for the winter, others for the summer or countries with a tropical climate, and some are designed to be usable throughout the year.
Air conditioners are designed to reduce the humidity and the temperature in the air, so they are meant for the summer, though if they are designed correctly, can also serve as heat pumps which can heat a building instead.
Boilers are machines that use hot water to provide heat, but lack any cooling mechanism. They are best suited for cold regions with summers that are not too hot. There is a plethora of applicable ways to utilize the heat from a boiler, such as via radiant installations, which basically installs heatable tubes or special pipes underneath the floor, or via hydronic baseboard heaters that are installed on the walls.
Furnaces are the most common type of heater in the United States. They are relatively cheap and are able to be centralized along with air conditioners to make up a complete setup. However, they require regular maintenance and at times can be noisy.
Fans are perhaps the most famous form cooling system that have been used since ancient times. They are much cheaper to use than air conditioners but they do not possess anywhere near the same cooling effect nor can they be be “centralized” for ease of use.
Whichever system you decide upon, understand that you would be at great loss if you did not have any kind of heating and cooling system at all. We might have grown used to it but having such a technological advancement is something our forefathers would surely be envious of. We should thus make the most of it.